basic disks
Disks that use partition tables recognized by older operating systems, such as MS-DOS and Windows 95/98.
boot volume
Binary sequences of 0s and 1s used to encode traffic onto physical network media.
GPT (GUID Partition Table)
Partition style used by dynamic disks.
Initial Configuration Tasks
Post-installation startup screen that provides a unified administrative interface to configure common items when a server has been newly installed.
Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)
Feature that allows multiple users to share an Internet connection that is directly attached to a single computer.
Key Management Service (KMS)
License key that allows you to manage the licensing process using an internal licensing server installed on your own network.
MBR (Master Boot Record)
Partition style used by basic disks.
mirrored volume
Logical unit of disk space comprised of two physical disks in which data has been copied exactly from the first disk to the second for fault tolerance.
mount point
Logical unit of disk space that will appear as a folder within an existing volume.
Multiple Activation Key (MAK)
Activation key used for a one-time activation with Microsoft’s hosted activation service.
Primary method of name resolution on Windows networks prior to the move to DNS within Active Directory.
Network and Sharing Center
Control Panel location that allows you to manage and monitor all aspects of Windows Server 2008 networking.
network discovery
Network service that locates and queries network resources and shares for information.
network location
Configuration setting that allows you to configure one or more network connections to receive unified security settings. You may define different security settings for “home” network locations versus “public” network locations.
RAID-5 volume
Logical unit of disk space comprised of 3 or more physical disks in which data has been interleaved with additional parity for a balance between performance and fault tolerance.
repair mode
Installation option that provides an environment designed to allow you to diagnose and correct a damaged Windows installation
Server Core
Installation option in Windows Server 2008 that provides a minimal installation footprint designed to run only key infrastructure services.
simple volume
Logical unit of disk space comprised of space contained on a single physical disk.
spanned volume
Logical unit of disk space comprised of space contained on multiple physical disks.
striped volume
Logical unit of disk space comprised of space that has been interleaved across multiple physical disks for improved read performance.
system volume
Volume containing the files necessary to boot a computer.
Logical unit of disk space comprised of space contained on one or more physical disks.
Volume Activation
Process used to manage software activation for multiple installations of Windows within an enterprise network.
Volume Activation Management Tool (VAMT)
Software tool used to activate software that uses Multiple Activation Keys.
Windows Firewall
Software-based firewall that is built into the Windows Server 2008 operating system.
Windows Server Backup
Windows Server 2008 feature that allows you to perform one-time and recurring scheduled backups of a Windows server.
WINS Server
Windows server providing the WINS server service for automated management and centralization of NetBIOS name resolution.
Wireless Networking
Windows Server 2008 feature that installs and configures wireless connections and wireless LAN profiles.

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