Account Lockout Policies
A security policy used to specify how many invalid logon attempts should be tolerated before a user account is locked out.
Active Directory
A directory service available with the Windows 2003 Servers platforms. It stores information in a central database and allows users to have a single user account (called a domain user account) for the network.
A feature of Windows operating systems that enables DHCP clients to self-configure an IP Address and subnet mask automatically when a DHCP server is unavailable.
Basic Storage
A disk-storage system supported in Windows that consists of primary partitions, extended partitions and logical drives.
Check Disk Utility
Windows utility that checks a hard disk for errors. it attempts to fix file-system errors and scans for and attempts to recover bad sectors.
Command-line utility for changing the file system of a FAT16/32 hard drive to NTFS with no loss of data.
Data Compression
An advanced attribute of the NTFS file system used to reduce the amount of space that files and folders occupy on a partition or volume.
Data Recovery Agent
A user account capable of gaining access to EFS-encrypted files encrypted by other users. In a domain environment, the domain Administrator account is the default data recover agent.
Default Gateway
An address that is required when a client needs to communicate outside of its own subnet. A router or another server.
Disk Cleanup Utility
A Windows utility used to identify files that can be deleted to free additional hard disk space. It works by identifying temporary files, Internet cache files, and unnecessary program files.
Disk Defragmentation
A tool that can be used to keep the users computer running smoothly. The hard disk becomes fragmented as users delete files, moves files, delete and install programs and applications, and empty the Recycle Bin. The files on the hard disk aren’t stored contiguously as they once were, and this causes the computer to work harder than necessary to locate the file fragments, put them together, and bring up the data.
Disk Management
The GUI interface utility in Windows XP for managing hard drives. You can create partitions, format drives and other administrative duties to installed drives.
Dynamic Disk
The drive division method that employs volumes It is the new standard supported only by Windows XP and Windows 2003.
Encrypting File System
A security feature of NTFS under Windows XP that allows files, folders, or entire drives to be encrypted. Once encrypted, only the user account that enabled the encryption has the proper private key to decrypt and access the secured objects.
Hot Swapping
The ability of a device to be plugged into or removed from a computer while the computer’s power on.
NTFS Permission
A set of access restrictions available on hard drive formatted with the NTFS file system. File and folder permissions include Read, Write, List Folder Contents, Read and Execute, Modify and Full Control. These permissions are effective both locally and over the network.
Offline Files
A Windows feature that allows network folders and files to be stored on Windows XP clients. Users can access network files even if the network location is not available.
Organizational Units
An Active Directory logical container used to organize objects within a single domain. Objects such as users, groups, computers, and other OUs can be stored withing a OU container.
Password Policies
Settings used to enforced security requirements on a computer regarding user logon options. They are set on a per-computer basis and cannot be configured for specific users.
Primary Partition
A type of partition on a basic disk that can be marked active. There can be up to four on any single single physical disk.
A device that connects more than one physical network, or segments of a network, them to their destination,or to another router.
Security Configuration and Analysis Tool
An MMC snap-in that allows an administrator to compare the configuration of a Windows Server 2003 system to settings stored in a security template and to apply template settings if necessary.
Shared Folders
A data resource container that has been made available over the network to authorized networks clients.
Spanned Volume
A dynamic disk volume that consist of disk space on 2 to 32 drives. These are used to increase the size of volume. Data is written sequentially, filling space on one physical drive before writing to space on the next drive in the set.
Striped Volume
A drive configuration of two or more parts (up to 32) of one or more drives or two or more entire drives (up to 32). Data is written to all drives in equal amounts to spread the workload and improve performance. Each part or drive must be roughly equal in size and it does not provide any fault tolerance – if one drive or partition fails, all data is lost.

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