Automated System Recovery
A new Windows feature that allows an administrator to restore server configuration settings in the event that a system cannot be repaired using other methods such as safe mode or last known good configuration.
A system resource or device that limits a system’s performance. Ideally the user should be the bottleneck on a system, not any hardware or software component.
Distributed File System
Combines shared resources from various locations throughout a network into a single hierarchical system.
Driver Rollback
An option in Windows that allows you to restore a previously used driver after a driver has been updated. This option provides an easy mechanism for restoring a driver if the upgraded driver does not work properly.
Event Viewer
A system utility that displays one of three event logs: System, Security and Applications, wherein logged or audited event appear. This is often the first stop when monitoring a system’s performance or seeking evidence of problems, because it is where all unusual or extraordinary system activities and events are recorded.
Frame Relay
A technology that uses a virtual circuit-based switching protocol to connect devices on a WAN. It is commonly implemented with a permanent virtual circuit.
Local Printer
A printer that uses physical port and has not been shared. If a printer is defined like this, the only users that can use this printer are the local users of the computer that it is attached to.
Logical Port
A port that connects a device directly to the network. Logical ports are used with printers by installing network card in the printer.
Network Printer
A print device attached directly to the network medium, usually by means of built-in NIC, but sometimes by means of parallel-attached network printer connection.
Page File
Disk space, in the form of a file (pagefiles.sys) for use when memory Requirements exceed the available RAM.
Performance Logs and Alerts
A tool included with Windows Server 2003 that enables you to create counter logs, trace logs, and configure alerts.
Print Device
In everyday language, a piece of equipment that provides output services – in other words printer. In MS terminology, a printer is a logical service that accepts print jobs and delivers them to the physical devise for output when the device is ready.
Print Spooler
A collection of Windows XP DLLs used to acquire, process, catalog, and dispense print jobs to print devices. It acts like a holding tank; it manages an area on the printer server hard disk where pending print jobs are stored until they’ve been output.
The software interface between the physical printer (print device) and the operating system.
Print Pool
A collection of two or more identically configured print devices to which one or more Windows XP printers direct their print jobs.
Recovery Console
A command-line interface that provides administrative tools useful for recovering a system that is not booting correctly. It allows a user to view disk volumes, format drives, read and write data and perform other administrative task. Very useful for recovering and repairing a damaged operating system.
Remote Access Service
A service that allows network connections to be established over a modem connection, an ISDN connection, or a null-modem cable.
Remote Assistance
A mechanism for requesting help for x86-based computers through Windows Messenger and email or by sending a file requesting help. To use this, the computer requesting help and the computer providing help must be using Windows XP Professional and must have some sort of interconnectivity.
Safe Mode
An advanced boot option that allows Windows Server 2003 system to be booted with minimal services or drivers loaded, typically used for troubleshooting or diagnostic purposes.
Separator Page
A page used at the beginning of each document to identify the user who submitted the print job. When users share a printer, this can be useful for distributing the print jobs.
System Log
Records information and alerts about Windows XP Professional internal processes.
System Restore
A utility in Windows ME that enables you to return your PC to recent working configurations when something goes wrong.
Task Manager
A tool used to view the processes and applications currently running on a system. Also provides basic resource usage statistics.
Task Scheduler
A Windows utility used to schedule tasks to occur at specific intervals.
Windows Firewall
The replacement application in XP SP2 for Internet Connection Firewall. It is enabled by default and does not allow unsolicited traffic to pass through the filter.

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